—Polygonum Hydropiper.—The hot Arsesmart is also called Water-pepper, or Culrage. The mild Arsesmart is called dead Arsesmart, Persicaria, or Peach-wort, because the leaves are like the leaves of a Peach-tree; it is also called Plumbago. It has broad leaves set at the great red joint of the stalks, with semi-circular blackish marks on them, either bluish or whitish, with such like seed following. The root is long, with many strings. It has no sharp taste (as another sort hath, which is quick and biting) but rather sour like sorrel, or else a little drying, or without taste. It grows in watery places, ditches, and the like, which are for the most part dry in Summer. It flowers in June, and the seed is ripe in August.

Herbal Remedies and Medicinal Uses of Arsesmart:

—It possesses great virtues. It is of a cooling nature, and effectually cures putrified ulcers, kills worms, and cleanses putrified places. The juice is good for cold swellings, and it softens and removes congealed blood of bruises, by strokes, falls, etcetera. A piece of the root, or some of the seeds bruised, and held to an aching tooth, takes away the pain. The leaves bruised cure the felon. It destroys worms in the ears. If the hot Arsesmart be strewed in a chamber, it will soon kill all the fleas; and the herb or juice of the cold Arsesmart, put to the sores of cattle, will drive away the fly in the hottest time of Summer. The mild Arsesmart is good against all imposthumes and inflammations at the beginning, and to heal green wounds. The hot Arsesmart grows not so high or tall as the mild, but has many leaves like peach leaves, seldom spotted; in other particulars it is like the former, but may easily be known from it by breaking a leaf of it across your tongue, for the hot will make your tongue smart, but the cold will not. If you see them both together you may easily distinguish them, because the mild hath broader leaves. It effectually cures obstructions of urine, in gravel and stone, and in the jaundice and dropsy it has wrought great cures. Dr. Eberle considers this plant one of the best promoter of menses we have. Use the cold watery infusion. Never boil or scald it.
Important Disclaimer:   The information contained on this web site is for educational purposes only. It is not intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any diseases. Any information presented is not a substitute for professional medical advice and should not take the place of any prescribed medication. Please do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consultation with your physician.

This page and the rest of the encyclopedia of medicinal herbs was reproduced from old herbals written in the 1700 and 1800s. They are of historical interest to show the traditional uses of various herbs based on folk medicine and ancient wisdom. However the traditional uses for these herbs have not been confirmed by medical science and in some cases may actually be dangerous. Do not use the these herbs for any use, medicinal or otherwise, without first consulting a qualified doctor.

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